Housing Stock Characteristics
A. HOUSING TYPES
Housing in unincorporated Mono County is predominantly single-family detached units and mobile homes. Since 1990, all types of housing in the unincorporated area increased (Table 14). During that period, multifamily units had the greatest percentage increase, although a majority of that increase occurred from 1990-2000 and the rate has slowed considerably in the last decade.Table 14: Housing Units by Type, Unincorporated Mono County, 1990-2010
B. HOUSING STOCK CONDITIONS
The Mono County Community Development Department completed a comprehensive Housing Condition Survey for the unincorporated area of the county in the summer of 2009. The results of that survey are shown in Table 15; results are shown for conventional single family residences (SFR) as well as mobile homes (MH). The results have been aggregated by planning area. Data for smaller community areas within the planning areas is available from the Community Development Department.
Housing units determined to be in Good Condition were in overall good condition with no repair needed. Units determined to be in Fair Condition were structurally sound but needed some minimal repair and/or paint. Units determined to be in Poor Condition were not structurally sound and needed repairs and/or paint.
Table 15: Housing Stock Conditions by Planning Area, 2009.
Source: Mono County Community Development Department, Housing Conditions Survey.
Approximately 39% of all housing units in the unincorporated area were built more than 30 years ago (Table 16). Twenty-one percent were built more than 40 years ago, and 13% were built more than 50 years ago (Table 16). Bridgeport Valley (65%) and Mono Basin (47%) have the highest percentage of housing units built more than 30 years ago, although over a third of the housing units in all planning areas except June Lake were built more than 30 years ago. Bridgeport Valley (33%), Mono Basin (22%), and Long Valley (22%) have the highest percentage of housing units built more than 40 years ago. Bridgeport Valley (22%), June Lake (14%), and Long Valley (14%) have the highest percentage of housing units built more than 50 years ago.Table 16: Age of Housing by Planning Area, Mono County, 2000
Sources: U.S. Census 2000, Summary File 3, Table H34
In Long Valley and June Lake many of the housing units built more than 40 years ago were originally constructed as seasonal cabins.
In general, Mono County's housing stock is in fair to good condition. Approximately 60% of all housing units in the unincorporated area have been built in the past 30 years. There are areas in the county, however, where maintenance and rehabilitation of the housing stock is an issue. Funding is available from the CDBG Rehabilitation Loan Program. Specific programs provide funds for single-family home repair loans and emergency repair. Over the years, many of those units have been converted to year-round housing. In Bridgeport Valley and Mono Basin, many of the older housing units were constructed as primary residences and have been maintained and accessibility grants, exterior enhancement rebates, weatherization and home security grants for seniors, and a multifamily rehabilitation loan program.